Brewing Malt Comparison Chart

There are so many types of brewing malt available to us homebrewers that making a unique recipe actually isn't that hard despite there being over 4,000 breweries in the United States alone. The table below is a list of each arranged by Lovibond (color).

Show the Base Malts only
Show the Steeping malts only

Grains Arranged By Lovibond Value

Name Potential SRM Mash Required? Max Grain Bill % Flavors & Characteristics Substitutes
CaraFoam 0 1 No 5 % Boosts body and head retention Carapils
UK Pilsner 2 Row 1.036 1 Yes 100 % Very light flavor contribution Pilsen, Bohemian Pilsner
Pilsen 1.036 1 Yes 100 % Sweet, Malty UK Pilsner 2 Row
Flaked Oats 1.035 1 Yes 30 % Boosts body and head retention, Creamy Additive free quick oats from the grocery store
Malted Oats 1.037 1 Yes 10 % Boosts body and head retention Flaked Oats
Flaked Corn 1.037 1 Yes 40 % Boosts ABV, low flavor Grits (cook before mashing)
2 Row Malt 1.036 2 Yes 100 % Very light flavor contribution Pale Ale, UK Pilsner 2 Row
Flaked Barley 1.032 2 Yes 20 % Very light flavor contribution Flaked Oats, CaraFoam
6 Row Malt 1.035 2 Yes 100 % Very light flavor contribution 2 Row Malt
Golden Promise 1.038 2 Yes 100 % Sweet Malt UK Pilsner 2 Row
Bohemian Pilsner 1.037 2 Yes 100 % Use for Authentic Bohemian Pilsners UK Pilsner 2 Row, Pilsen
Irish Stout Malt 1.038 2 Yes 100 % Plump Kernals with low protien and high extract. Golden Promise
German Wheat 1.039 2 Yes 60 % Malty White Wheat,
White Wheat 1.040 2 Yes 50 % Malty Red Wheat, German Wheat
Wheat Malt 1.040 2 Yes 50 % Malty, Sweet, Creamy White Wheat, Red Wheat
Carapils 1.040 2 No 10 % Boosts body CaraFoam
Flaked Rye 1.036 2 Yes 10 % Spicy, Adds Body Rye Malt
Rye Malt 1.033 3 Yes 15 % Adds body, Spicy rye flavor Flaked Rye
Acidulated Malt 1.027 3 Yes 10 % Helps lower mash pH 2 Row Malt with a lactic acid addition to mash
Red Wheat 1.040 3 Yes 50 % Malty White Wheat, Wheat Malt
Oak Smoked Wheat 1.040 3 Yes 80 % Light and subtle smoke flavor. Up to 100% for Grodziskie Beechwood Smoked Malt
Maris Otter 1.038 3 Yes 100 % Malty, Nutty Golden Promise, Pale Ale
Kolsch Malt 1.036 4 Yes 100 % Use for an authentic Kolsch UK Pilsner 2 Row, 2 Row Malt
Pale Ale 1.037 4 Yes 100 % Malty Maris Otter, 2 Row Malt
Vienna Malt 1.036 4 Yes 100 % Malty, Aromatic Light Munich Malt
Cherrywood Beechwood Smoked Malt 1.034 5 Yes 60 % Light to heavy smoke flavor based on usage Oak Smoked Wheat, Beechwood Smoked Malt
Light Munich Malt 1.037 6 Yes 100 % Malty Munich Malt
Golden Naked Oats 1.037 7 Yes 10 % Sweet, Malty, Creamy Flaked Oats
Munich Malt 1.037 9 Yes 100 % Malty, Sweet Light Munich Malt
Munich 10 (Dark Munich) 1.035 10 Yes 20 % Malty, Sweet Munich Malt
Red X 1.036 12 Yes 100 % Adds Red Color CaraRed, Crystal 20
Abbey Malt 1.035 17 Yes 50 % Malty, Honey, Chocolate CaraBelge
Beechwood Smoked Malt 1.037 9 No 15 % Smoke flavor - light Oak Smoked Wheat
Crystal 10 1.035 10 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 15-20
CaraHell 1.037 11 Yes 50 % Rich Maltiness, boosts color Vienna Malt
CaraBelge 1.034 16 Yes 30 % Subtle Caramel, Raisin, Bready Abbey Malt
Crystal 20 1.035 20 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 15-30, CaraRed
CaraRed 1.035 20 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Modifies Color Red X, Crystal 15-30
Melanoidin Malt 1.037 20 No 10 % Malty, Aromatic Aromatic Malt
Amber Malt 1.035 22 Yes 5-10 % Buscuit, Coffee Biscuit Malt
CaraVienna Malt 1.034 22 No 10 % Malty CaraMunich I, Crystal 20
Biscuit Malt 1.036 23 No 15 % Aromatic , Biscuit Aromatic Malt
Honey Malt 1.037 25 Yes 20 % Malty, Sweet Crystal 20-30
Aromatic Malt 1.036 25 Yes 10 % Aromatic, Malty Melanoidin Malt
Victory Malt 1.034 26 Yes 15 % Aromatic, Biscuit, Nutty, Toasty Aromatic Malt, Biscuit Malt
Crystal 40 1.035 40 No 10 % Boosts head and Body, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 30-60
CaraMunich I 1.033 49 No 10 % Caramel CaraMunich I
Special Roast 1.033 50 No 10 % Aromatic, Biscuit, Toasted Biscuit Malt, Crystal 40-60
CaraMunich I 1.033 56 No 10 % Caramel CaraMunich II
Crystal 60 1.033 60 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 40-75
Brown Malt 1.032 65 Yes 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Victory Malt, Special Roast
Crystal 80 1.033 80 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 75-90
Crystal 120 1.033 120 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Special B
Extra Special 1.035 130 No 15 % Coffee, Marshmallow, Prune Special B, Crystal 120
CaraAroma 1.035 130 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Malty, Caramel Crystal 120
Special B 1.030 180 No 10 % Aromatic, Caramel Crystal 120, Extra Special
Chocolate Rye 1.031 250 No 5 % Roasty, Adds deep color Chocolate Wheat
Roasted Barley 1.025 300 No 5 % Roasty, Burnt, Coffee, Nutty Chocolate Malt, Pale Chocolate
Carafa 1 1.032 337 No 5 % Aromatic Carafa II, Roasted Barley
Pale Chocolate 1.034 350 No 10 % Roasty, Adds deep color, Coffee, Roasted Chocolate Malt
Chocolate Malt 1.034 350 No 10 % Roasty, Adds deep color, Coffee, Roasted Pale Chocolate, Roasted Barley
Chocolate Wheat 1.033 400 No 5 % Aromatic, Adds deep color Chocolate Rye
Carafa II 1.032 412 No 5 % Aromatic Carafa 1
Dark Chocolate Malt 1.034 420 No 10 % Roasty, Adds deep color, Coffee, Roasted Roasted Barley, Chocolate Wheat
Black Patent 1.025 500 No 5 % Burnt, Roasted Black Malt
Black Malt 1.025 500 No 7 % Burnt, Roasted Black Patent

mashing-porter with brewing malt

Chart of Base Malt

Just looking for base malts for your next brewing session? Use the chart below to find the best one for you. There are more options than you may have previously thought. Many of them provide unique flavors to the finished beer, or hail from a specific region with a signature style. View Full Table

Name Potential SRM Mash Required? Max Grain Bill % Flavors & Characteristics Substitutes
UK Pilsner 2 Row 1.036 1 Yes 100 % Very light flavor contribution Pilsen, Bohemian Pilsner
Pilsen 1.036 1 Yes 100 % Sweet, Malty UK Pilsner 2 Row
2 Row Malt 1.036 2 Yes 100 % Very light flavor contribution Pale Ale, UK Pilsner 2 Row
6 Row Malt 1.035 2 Yes 100 % Very light flavor contribution 2 Row Malt
Golden Promise 1.038 2 Yes 100 % Sweet Malt UK Pilsner 2 Row
Bohemian Pilsner 1.037 2 Yes 100 % Use for Authentic Bohemian Pilsners UK Pilsner 2 Row, Pilsen
Irish Stout Malt 1.038 2 Yes 100 % Plump Kernals with low protien and high extract. Golden Promise
Maris Otter 1.038 3 Yes 100 % Malty, Nutty Golden Promise, Pale Ale
Kolsch Malt 1.036 4 Yes 100 % Use for an authentic Kolsch UK Pilsner 2 Row, 2 Row Malt
Pale Ale 1.037 4 Yes 100 % Malty Maris Otter, 2 Row Malt
Vienna Malt 1.036 4 Yes 100 % Malty, Aromatic Light Munich Malt
Light Munich Malt 1.037 6 Yes 100 % Malty Munich Malt
Munich Malt 1.037 9 Yes 100 % Malty, Sweet Light Munich Malt
Red X 1.036 12 Yes 100 % Adds Red Color CaraRed, Crystal 20

steeping malt

Chart of Steeping Grains

Below are just the grains that do not need to be mashed. Extract brewers looking to spice up their next batch should refer to this. There are some grains that aren't base malts that still need to be mashed. Refer to the first table to view those.

Name Potential SRM Mash Required? Max Grain Bill % Flavors & Characteristics Substitutes
CaraFoam 0 1 No 5 % Boosts body and head retention Carapils
Carapils 1.040 2 No 10 % Boosts body CaraFoam
Beechwood Smoked Malt 1.037 9 No 15 % Smoke flavor - light Oak Smoked Wheat
Crystal 10 1.035 10 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 15-20
Crystal 20 1.035 20 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 15-30, CaraRed
CaraRed 1.035 20 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Modifies Color Red X, Crystal 15-30
Melanoidin Malt 1.037 20 No 10 % Malty, Aromatic Aromatic Malt
CaraVienna Malt 1.034 22 No 10 % Malty CaraMunich I, Crystal 20
Biscuit Malt 1.036 23 No 15 % Aromatic , Biscuit Aromatic Malt
Crystal 40 1.035 40 No 10 % Boosts head and Body, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 30-60
CaraMunich I 1.033 49 No 10 % Caramel CaraMunich I
Special Roast 1.033 50 No 10 % Aromatic, Biscuit, Toasted Biscuit Malt, Crystal 40-60
CaraMunich I 1.033 56 No 10 % Caramel CaraMunich II
Crystal 60 1.033 60 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 40-75
Crystal 80 1.033 80 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Crystal 75-90
Crystal 120 1.033 120 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Sweet, Caramel Special B
Extra Special 1.035 130 No 15 % Coffee, Marshmallow, Prune Special B, Crystal 120
CaraAroma 1.035 130 No 10 % Boosts body and head retention, Malty, Caramel Crystal 120
Special B 1.030 180 No 10 % Aromatic, Caramel Crystal 120, Extra Special
Chocolate Rye 1.031 250 No 5 % Roasty, Adds deep color Chocolate Wheat
Roasted Barley 1.025 300 No 5 % Roasty, Burnt, Coffee, Nutty Chocolate Malt, Pale Chocolate
Carafa 1 1.032 337 No 5 % Aromatic Carafa II, Roasted Barley
Pale Chocolate 1.034 350 No 10 % Roasty, Adds deep color, Coffee, Roasted Chocolate Malt
Chocolate Malt 1.034 350 No 10 % Roasty, Adds deep color, Coffee, Roasted Pale Chocolate, Roasted Barley
Chocolate Wheat 1.033 400 No 5 % Aromatic, Adds deep color Chocolate Rye
Carafa II 1.032 412 No 5 % Aromatic Carafa 1
Dark Chocolate Malt 1.034 420 No 10 % Roasty, Adds deep color, Coffee, Roasted Roasted Barley, Chocolate Wheat
Black Patent 1.025 500 No 5 % Burnt, Roasted Black Malt
Black Malt 1.025 500 No 7 % Burnt, Roasted Black Patent
by David Doucette
David is a full blown fermentation enthusiast who has dedicated much of his free time to learning and sharing the art of homebrewing. He's spent several years documenting and writing homebrewing information on his blog Hive Mind Mead. He's written over 60 articles between Homebrew Talk and Homebrew Supply.
written by David Doucette

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3 comments on “Brewing Malt Comparison Chart”

  • So you just bag em like hops and toss em in the boil....?

    Reply
    • David Doucette
      David Doucette March 13, 2017 at 8:02 am

      No you don't want to boil any grains outside of doing a cereal mash. Steeping grains are grains that do not require a mash to add sugar to the wort, as conversion has already taken place. You would steep them in 160F water for 15-20 minutes. Remove the grain, add any extract, and then boil.

      Reply
  • Please add Viking malt's products. They are anyway the best malts availlable.

    Reply
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